Nondestructive tests evaluation project to determine the pavement's density
One of the most important variables in controlling the quality of paving is density. Measuring exactly the insitu density for Hot Mix Asphalt is necessary to control and warranty the quality, performance prediction and cost estimation. Already, the most conventional method for determining the insitu density of Mix Asphalt is coring countrywide. This method is applying by utilizing coring and measuring the density of cores which has several disadvantages like as pavement's texture deterioration, high cost, unrepeatability in a certain point, inability in determining density in a certain place and time consuming.
These disadvantages lead to increase implementation time and the cost of project, therefore they lead to decrease the paving efficiency. Because of this, in recent decades, the research centers are searching about methods to eliminate these disadvantages. These methods should also provide the ability of using easily by users in addition to low cost, repeatability and being nondestructive. Two nondestructive methods of nuclear and non-nuclear are presented to substitution the destructive density tests which have some advantages and disadvantages.
The final purposes of this research are investigating the various methods of density determination (destructive and nondestructive), evaluating nondestructive density tests include accuracy rate and investigating the implementation possibility of nondestructive methods in determining the density of pavement layers, suggesting appropriate nondestructive method for determining the density of layers and upgrading the control methods of quality of pavement layers' density.